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SAfe Cooking w/Cast Iron Pans

Saturday, November 22nd, 2014
iron

Looking for safe cookware? Try cast iron

(NaturalNews) With so many different types of cookware on the market today, making the best and safest choices for our families can be a challenge. But tried-and-true cast iron is still among the most durable and non-toxic types of cookware available — and if you know how to use it properly, it can be just as easy to use and clean as the much more convenient but chemical-laden varieties branded as “non-stick.”

Cast iron is about as classic as it gets when it comes to durable cookware. And if properly cared for, it can last a lifetime and be passed down from generation to generation. But a common complaint is that food tends to stick to pure cast iron since it hasn’t been layered with Teflon or other non-stick surfaces, which often contain perfluorinated chemicals, or PFCs, that release noxious fumes into the air and leach toxic substances into food.

Stainless steel cookware is one safer option, but if scratched it, too, can leach nickel and other undesired substances into food. For pots and pans, stainless steel is still an excellent choice, as is copper, but when it comes to frying pans and griddles, cast iron is probably your best bet, and here’s why.

Cast iron gets better over time

On his blog, permaculture aficionado Paul Wheaton explains how to select quality cast iron cookware, how to properly care for it, and how to make it not only last but thrive. Unlike most other types of cookware, cast iron actually gets better over time when it is regularly scraped and seasoned. Individuals with anemia or iron deficiencies can also benefit from the iron found in cast iron.

According to Wheaton, the best types of cast iron are older pieces found at garage sales and online trading sites like Craigslist and eBay. Many older cast iron pieces were machine surfaced to be smooth, as opposed to the rough surfaces found on newer cast iron cookware. Older skillets have also typically been seasoned over many years of use, meaning they have already been “broken in.”

“Many of the experienced cast iron folk [recommend] buying a heavily used skillet,” he wrote. But if a new skillet is your only option, he recommends using a stainless steel spatula with a flat edge to “take the ‘peaks’ off as the ‘valleys’ fill with ‘seasoning.'”

More on this is available here:
RichSoil.com.

Bacon grease, palm oil excellent for seasoning cast iron cookware

Properly “seasoning” a cast iron skillet involves allowing natural cooking oils to permeate the cooking surface without washing them off after each use. This process is unique to cast iron, and it allows a smooth polymerized fat surface to form, making the cooking surface slick and easier to clean.

In Wheaton’s experience, saturated fats like bacon grease and “organic shortening” (palm oil) that remain solid at room temperature tend to work best at creating the ideal cast iron cooking surface (though we don’t recommend pal oil for anything). Hydrogenated oils are toxic and should thus be avoided, and mono- and polyunsaturated fats tend to leave the cooking surface sticky.

Seasoning cast iron with saturated fats also helps protect the surface against rust, which can form when pans aren’t properly dried after use. Wheaton recommends heating cast iron pans on the stovetop to remove excess water, as towel drying typically won’t get it dry enough. If rust, pitting, or caked-on gunk is already present, Wheaton advises using the self-cleaning option on your oven to literally bake off the crud.

Learn more: http://www.naturalnews.com/047755_cookware_cast_iron_healthy_kitchen.html#ixzz3JpPyGawx

Oklahoma City Meteor? UFO?

Saturday, November 22nd, 2014

Glowing Object During Daytime Over Oklahoma City On Nov 19, 2014, UFO Sighting News 3 Videos.

Date of sighting: November 19, 2014
Location of sighting: Edmond, Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, USA

Sure this could be a meteor and the chance of it being a meteor does outweigh it being a UFO, but I do know from research that some UFOs do make cloud trails in the sky and can mimic meteors when entering our atmosphere. The trail is not broken up nor is there pieces of the object falling off. This is one solid object. How better to enter a primitive planet during the day and not being noticed? Just make your ship appear as a meteor. SCW

1st Eyewitness states:
Look what i was lucky enough to capture this morning. Flew right by and north towards Edmond.

2nd Eyewitness states:
Posting this a little late but I saw this flying through the sky this morning. Kind of cool and eerie at the same time.

3rd Eyewitness states:
Caught this when I was taking the garbage out this morning! I assume this is a meteor from the comet that passed by earlier this week?

2

 from:    http://www.ufosightingsdaily.com/2014/11/glowing-object-during-daytime-over.html

Ralph Ring & QEG Energy Directory

Saturday, November 22nd, 2014

Quantum Energy Generator open source plans

http://hopegirl2012.wordpress.com/2014/05/30/major-breakthrough-in-free-energy-overunity-demonstrated-in-the-qeg/

http://hopegirl2012.wordpress.com/2014/03/25/qeg-open-sourced/

The Quantum Energy Generator is now available as open source plans with a growing global community to build and develop it!

Other designs are due to be released soon by other inventors working on a similar thing.  Great news for all of us.

http://www.blogtalkradio.com/expandinguradio/2014/03/29/mission-impossible

http://www.fixtheworldproject.net/quantum-energy-generator.html

from:    http://bluestarenterprise.com/news/the-qeg-quantum-energy-generator-works/

Selacia on TIme

Saturday, November 22nd, 2014

Working with Time Distortions

The winds of change have shifted this month, allowing more forward movement and a reprieve from October’s erratic energies. If you’re not yet feeling like it’s smooth sailing, one reason is the time distortion we’re experiencing.

Clock time can tell you one thing, yet your own inner sense of time may have you feeling either behind time or urgently wanting to be ahead. The overall effect can be a sense that you aren’t quite in tune with where you need to be. You may simply want to stop the merry-go-round of time altogether!

You really cannot stop the march of time, of course, but there is plenty that you can do to keep your equilibrium. In fact, in this last stretch of 2014, it is essential that you discover how to make friends with time and change.

Divine Changemakers and Time

Your empowerment as a divine changemaker is integrally linked to mastery of the two connected energies of time and change. Empowerment, after all, is experienced as you become practiced navigating life’s fluctuations – increasingly finding your center and an inner place of calm regardless of circumstances. Only in a state of calm can you effectively meet the next surprise or challenge and respond in the highest way. Only by being present and in your heart can you have clarity about what you face and wisdom to know how to meet what you see.

3 Reminders about Time

Here are three reminders about time. Keep these in mind during this hectic season in order to have more inner peace.

First, realize there indeed is clock time and there are many practical reasons for synchronizing clocks – like to meet your friend for dinner or arrive at the airport before your plane departs.

Second, clock time is a linear measurement. You are a quantum being, so don’t measure your potentials by clocks – think bigger. Apply a quantum perspective to the hour you have before a meeting, allowing a vast reservoir of creativity to bubble up into your consciousness – doing in one hour what could have taken you all morning.

Third, consider the cycle or season. This time each year, holidays and end-of-year deadlines can distort the sense of time. There is often a flurry of activity, everyone around you busy with something, perhaps excited, and seeming in a rush. This comes with a palpable feeling and it can be catching!

3 Tips to Master Time

Here are three ways to master time in these moments. Work with these daily between now and the end of 2014 to become more resourced creating the life of your dreams!

First, do your best to ground and center several times a day. If you aren’t sure if you are grounded, you probably aren’t. Sitting or standing, focus on your heart and a line of red energy running down your body into the sacred Earth.

Second, when you consider timed activities, decide that you will approach the clock in a quantum way – this means you are both practical and respectful of self and others and also means you refuse to let your creativity be enslaved by time. You remember that your creativity and inner wisdom sourced from spirit come in unbounded ways!

Third, you remain mindful of pack mentality and the tendency to get caught up in the season’s senseless rushing. If something is truly urgent, of course, then apply your best efforts to attend to it with high importance. Remember, however, that many things really aren’t that big a deal!

Icelandic Volcano Update

Saturday, November 22nd, 2014

Holuhraun Eruption in Iceland Still Going Strong

Part of the Holuhraun eruption in Iceland, seen on October 21, 2014. Photo by Milan Nykodym / Flickr.

If you can believe it, we’re now in the fourth month for the Icelandic eruption that started north of the Bárðarbunga caldera in Iceland. The world watched and waited for this eruption after weeks of intense earthquakes, but since the eruption began in late August, we’ve had a nearly constant stream of basaltic magma eruption from the fissures in the Holuhraun lava fields between Bárðarbunga and Askja. This eruption has drifted from the headlines because the eruptive activity itself has been fairly tame — no giant ash plumes to disrupt air travel across Europe, but instead just a steady flow of lava creating a new lava field that covers over 72 square kilometers (~17,700 acres; see below). You can watch some great slow-motion footage of the lava erupting at one of the main vents, taken October 27 by Karl Neusinger – it really shows the constant influx of lava from below that creates the impressive lava flow field. This eruption at Holuhraun now has the distinction of being the largest (by volume) in Iceland since the massive 1783-4 eruption of Laki (although Holuhraun trails Laki by “only” 16 cubic kilometers of lava!)

The Holuhraun lava field (shown in white outline) and the active vent seen by Landsat 8 on November 16, 2014. Image by University of Iceland Institute of Earth Sciences / IMO.

The biggest hazard produced by the eruption so far has been to the air quality in Iceland, where the sulfur dioxide emissions from such a constant and vigorous basaltic eruption has meant that people have been required to stay indoors during much of the summer and fall months on the island nation. Analyses of the rainwater in Iceland over the past months show that as much as 40% of the rain that has fallen is acidic (pH <7) with some rain as low as pH 3.5 (as John Stevenson put it, that’s like grapefruit juice rain).

At Bárðarbunga, the floor of the caldera has continued to subside during this whole eruption without much signs that any eruptions have occurred under the ice that fills the caldera (however, the increased heat from the geothermal system may have melted some of that ice). That, in itself, is interesting and tells us something about how some of these Icelandic calderas can form. Instead of the catastrophic events that many people envision for caldera formation (e.g., Crater Lake), these are slow subsidence events that might takes months to occur. Calderas at other large shield volcanoes have also formed in this fashion, but to be able to measure the motion so precisely is a great scientific bonanza. Large earthquakes are still occurring under the caldera as well, with a M5.4 happening just yesterday (November 18).

The NASA Earth Observatory recently posted an image of the plume from the Holuhraun fissure that shows how the plume itself might interact with the clouds around the eruption. More likely than not, eruption plumes can play a role in cloud formation and distribution around a volcano.

 

from:    http://www.wired.com/2014/11/holuhraun-eruption-in-iceland-still-going-strong/#more-1648431

Nagano, Honshu Japan Damaging Quake

Saturday, November 22nd, 2014

Extremely dangerous earthquake in Nagano, Honshu, Japan – At least 20 injured

Last update: November 22, 2014 at 5:41 pm by By

Update 17:20 UTC : The number of injured has increased to 20

Update 16:43 UTC : In the 16:23 update we did talk about a Thrust type earthqauke. This was confirmed by the following report : In Joetsu,  the road has been lifted about 50cm (Kiyosato District Kaminakajo district)

Update 16: 39 UTC : The latest reports are mentioning 11 injured

Update 16:23 UTC : The damage looks rather limited if we take the strong Magnitude into consideration. One of the main reasons is the earthquake type. Based on the USGS beach-ball below we are looking at a thrust focal mechanism (2 plates pushing towards each other. The resulting movements are far less dangerous than transform earthquakes (the type which hit China today). An additional reason to have weaken the shaking is the location it occurred, the rocky Japanese Alps. This kind of underground does not transmit the earthquake waves like it would be the case in for example a sediment valley.

Screen Shot 2014-11-22 at 17.18.09 Screen Shot 2014-11-22 at 17.20.09

Update 16:12 UTC : As we are after midnight in Japan, rescue operations take more time. In some parts of the epicenter area the power is down. There are also reports of broken water pipes, a ruptured fuel tank leaking 1000 liter of oil. Collapsed walls etc. It will take at least 5 to 6 hours (early morning) before we will get a good picture of the damage.

Update 16:01 UTC : So far at least 4  people injured

Update 14:38 UTC : As could be expected, multiple landslides have been notices (these are the Japanese Alps). One of these landslides is blocking the Shirasawa tunnel who links Nagano with Hakuba

Important Update 14:27 UTC : Several buildings collapsed and people possibly buried in Nagano Prefecture. (Source NHK Japan) Update : 4 houses should have been collapsed. No further news at the moment.

Update 14:17 UTC : The Nagano Fire Department is reporting several injuries and a building collapse after 6.8 quake this evening.

Update 14:13 UTC : Kyodo News Reports that Hakuba Village (famous for the 98 olympics) has seen a building collapse.

Update 14:11 UTC : Image of a convenience store in Nagano

Update 14:06 UTC : The city of Nagano has not sustained damage so far (this would be seen almost immediately). Power is still on in Nagano based on the webcam we are looking at. So far we have reports of 2 people who have been injured in Hakuba (ambulance under way).

Update 14:01 UTC : Below the theoretical shaking map of USGS based on a M6.2 Magnitude (JMA Japan reports M6.8)

Screen Shot 2014-11-22 at 15.00.44 Screen Shot 2014-11-22 at 15.01.02 Screen Shot 2014-11-22 at 15.01.13

Update 13:51 UTC : The Nagano prefecture authority has reported that the Kashiwazaki-Kariwa nuclear power plant sustained NO damage but has been shut down as a precautionary measure.

Update 13:47 UTC : Shaking of the Nagano earthquake (ni mention of distance from the epicenter)

Update 13:43 UTC : until now only reports from items falling from shelves. No structural damage so far (too soon to be final of course) (thx to @RobertSpeta living in Japan)

Update 13:37 UTC : Prof. Max Wyss who specializes in theoretical calculations of injured and fatalities based on many parameters expect for this earthquake 0 to 10 fatalities and 0 to 100 injured. He has used the GFZ data (M6.2 at 10 km for his calculations).

Update 13:31 UTC : We expect the whole Nagano prefecture at risk for damage and injuries.

Update 13:30 UTC : EMSC and USGS are reporting a M6.2 Magnitude bur JMA Japan maintains his M6.8 Magnitude at 10 km.

Update 13:24 UTC : Shaking values who may lead to damage. Landslides are almost a certainty! Of course NO tsunami risk because the earthquake happened below mainland Honshu

6-    Nagano-shi Togakushi*, Nagano- shi Kinasa*, Otari-mura Nakaotari*, Ogawa-mura Takafu*
5+    Nagano-shi Hakoshimizu, Nagano-shi Toyonomachi-Toyono*, Nagano-shi Nakajo*, Hakuba-mura Hokujo* and Shinano-machi Kashiwabara-higashiura*
5-    Nagano-shi Shinshushimmachi-shimmachi*, Nagano-shi Ooka*, Nakano-shi Toyotsu*, Omachi-shi Yasaka*

Update 13:22 UTC  : JMA Japan has a theoretical shaking of -6 We at Earthquake-report.com consider 5+ already as probably damaging. The earthquake happened at a shallow depth below Eastern Honshu

Screen Shot 2014-11-22 at 14.14.23

16km (10mi) NNE of Omachi, Japan
24km (15mi) W of Nagano-shi, Japan
33km (21mi) N of Hotaka, Japan
36km (22mi) W of Suzaka, Japan
191km (119mi) NW of Tokyo, Japan

Most important Earthquake Data:

Magnitude : 6.2

Local Time (conversion only below land) : 2014-11-22 22:08:18

GMT/UTC Time : 2014-11-22 13:08:18

from:    http://earthquake-report.com/2014/11/22/very-strong-earthquake-eastern-honshu-japan-on-november-22-2014/

Sichuan China Earthquake 11/22

Saturday, November 22nd, 2014

Dangerous damaging earthquake in Sichuan, China (Xinduqiao most at risk) – at least 2 people killed and 48 injured

Last update: November 22, 2014 at 5:21 pm by By

 Update 16:54 UTC : The earthquake toll has further increased to 2 people killed and 48 injured

Screen Shot 2014-11-22 at 18.01.45

Important update 15:03 UTC : The current status is 1 person killed and 22 injured. A lot of relief material has been sent to the hardest hit areas. We expect this number to increase in the following hours.

Update 12:10 UTC : Below the shaking map published by the Chinese Seismological agency. To be noticed a far great strong shaking area than the USGS (M5.8) map below.

Screen Shot 2014-11-22 at 13.09.39

Update 11:55 UTC : Apparently there are NO big buildings collapsed, neither in Xinduqiao nor in Tagong, which is very good news. No images yet from the epicenter area. We expect also landslides to have occurred as this is a mountainous area.
Below the seismic map of the greater epicenter area. Combined with the beach-ball below and the faults on this seismic map, we can now say that the ground movement went from South-East to North-West

Screen Shot 2014-11-22 at 12.59.59

Update 11:21 UTC : Beijing News reported that in Xinduqiao town residents said that many houses collapsed, mostly older Tibetan houses, more recently build houses have only been damaged. Currently, NO no rescue personnel arrived as yet, some areas have still electricity, communications are on and off.

Update 11:18 UTC : The earthquake was even felt as far as Chongqing

The picture below has been taken in Kangding 40 km from the epicenter

Update 11:14 UTC : Some walls of Kangding Airport are showing cracks. 3 trains lines are delayed because the railway personnel has first to inspect the rails.

Update 11:10 UTC : Unconfirmed reports are mentioning that one 73 year old man from Kangding was killed due to the earthquake. The exact reason has not been reported.

Update 10:59 UTC : People living in the wider earthquake area (including Kangding) are on the streets and are afraid to go inside again.

Update 10:56 UTC : Medical teams have been sent to the epicenter area. China has probably the best managed earthquake response teams in the world. Part of the response is by the Chinese Army. A lot of specialized material can be put into work within 24 hours (heavy material, telecommunications, field hospitals, etc etc)

Update 10:23 UTC : The first reports from the biggest nearby city Kangding are hopeful. No widespread collapses houses and only 1 injured person because of broken glass. Specialized teams are now rushing to the villages closest to the epicenter. We keep you informed when new reports are coming in. The earthquake was strongly felt in Kangding (39 km from the epicenter)

Update 10:13 UTC : The earthquake was felt strongly in Chengdu (based on Chinese readers reports). Chengdu is the capital of Sichuan province. The Chengdu districy has a population of 16 million. Chengdu itself is however not an important risk for this earthquake.

Update 09:59 UTC : ER calls the below village as most in danger as it is located closest to the epicenter (approx. 6 km). The epicenter (breaking itself is located on the edges of the high mountain chain (which is normally good news).

Screen Shot 2014-11-22 at 10.58.53

Screen Shot 2014-11-22 at 10.57.44

Update 09:50 UTC : Further bad news for this earthquake. The beach-ball shows a strike-slip earthquake type, the most dangerous one with a mainly horizontal movement. Older houses and buildings can be severely damaged by this type of earthquake.

Screen Shot 2014-11-22 at 10.49.43

Update 09:43 UTC : Below the map as reported by the Chinese Seismological Agency. The upper dot is today’s epicenter, the lower dots other +M5 earthquakes this year. important to say about this map is that the earthquake is NOT an aftershock but a mainshock.

Image courtesy and copyright Chinese Seismological Agency

Update 09:37 UTC : The Chinese authorities are reporting a Magnitude of 6.3 at a depth of 18 km. These data are confirming our earlier expectations. Damage and injuries almost certain, hopefully no fatalities.

Update 09:25 UTC : Prof. Max Wyss who specializes in theoretical calculations of injured and fatalities based on many parameters expect for this earthquake 0 to 200 fatalities and 50 to 500 injured. Let’s hope that he is wrong this time or that only his minimum values will be reached.

Screen Shot 2014-11-22 at 10.24.07 Screen Shot 2014-11-22 at 10.24.19 Screen Shot 2014-11-22 at 10.24.36

39km (24mi) NW of Kangding, China
168km (104mi) W of Linqiong, China
203km (126mi) SSW of Wuwei, China
216km (134mi) WNW of Leshan, China
1111km (690mi) NNW of Ha Noi, Vietnam

Most important Earthquake Data:

Magnitude : 5.9

Local Time (conversion only below land) : 2014-11-22 16:55:29

GMT/UTC Time : 2014-11-22 08:55:29

from:    http://earthquake-report.com/2014/11/22/very-strong-earthquake-sichuan-china-on-november-22-2014/

Asteroid Fragments Moving away from the Sun

Thursday, November 20th, 2014

11/20/2014 — Cluster of asteroid fragments heading away from Sun – detected on SOHO solar observatory

Video here:


On November 19, 2014 (20:42UTC) a cluster of debris was detected heading away from the Sun on the SOHO solar observatory LASCO C3 camera.

Each object appearing fairly large in comparison to Earth, all heading in the same direction , seen for only ONE frame due to the camera feed cutting out for several hours after this image appears (what are the chances ? )

asteroid fragments november 19 2014 SOHO LASCO C3

These objects are not to be confused with regular particle activity seen on the camera. Most likely asteroid debris of some kind.  If these were comets, the tails would be facing AWAY from the Sun.  Oddly, if these are asteroid fragments then they are very large.

(click to view full size)

asteroid fragments nov 20 2014

20141119_2042_c3_1024


These objects do NOT appear to be Earth directed at the moment, however a detailed count reveals about 18 different objects — meaning there are now at least 18 more new inner solar system asteroids to worry about.

from:    http://dutchsinse.com/

On Jet Stream Buffalo Snow 11/19

Thursday, November 20th, 2014

Buffalo Belted With Five Feet of Snow; Is Jet Stream Weirdness to Blame?

By: Dr. Jeff Masters , 4:30 PM GMT on November 19, 2014

America’s remarkable mid-November Arctic blast continued Wednesday morning, with hundreds of daily record low temperatures falling again. Charlotte, North Carolina bottomed out at 14°F, the coldest temperature ever measured so early in the season, and January-like cold brought temperatures 15 – 35°F below average to most of the eastern half of the country. Hardest hit by the unseasonably early Arctic outbreak was Buffalo, New York, where a record lake effect snowstorm was being blamed for at least five deaths. Three of the deaths were from heart attacks, one from a traffic accident, and one was a 46-year old man who was found dead in his stranded car. Up to five feet of snow fell along the south and east sides of the city in the 24 hours ending at 10 pm EST Tuesday, thanks to an intense band of heavy lake effect snow coming off of Lake Erie. The extreme snow band was very narrow; in the 24 hours when Lancaster on the city’s east side was pummeled with 60″ of snow, the Buffalo Airport, just six miles to the northwest, received only 3.9″. Extreme atmospheric instability due to relatively warm waters in the lake were responsible for the intensity of the storm; water temperatures were 47°F at the Environment Canada Port Colborne buoy at the east end of Lake Erie on Tuesday. A state of emergency has been declared in Erie County, New York, which includes Buffalo, and the National Guard has been called out to help dig people out. Thankfully, the band of heavy snow responsible for the extreme accumulations shifted northwards out of the city on Wednesday morning, and only minor accumulations will occur during the remainder of Wednesday. On Thursday morning, though, a new lake effect snowstorm will set up. The NWS in Buffalo is forecasting that while this storm will not be quite as intense, up to two feet of additional snow could fall in the same regions that received up to five feet of snow already this week.


Figure 1. A lake effect snow storm brought five feet of snow to Lancaster, New York on November 18, 2014. Image credit: Melinda Stoldt, via Facebook.


Figure 2. Radar loop of an intense lake effect snow band affecting the Buffalo, New York region between 6:36 – 9:07 am EST November 19, 2014. The band, which had been nearly stationary over South Buffalo for over 24 hours, is seen finally lifting northwards out of the city, thanks to a wind shift caused by an approaching trough of low pressure.

Most extreme Lake Erie snowstorm on record?
According to wunderground’s weather historian Christopher C. Burt, yesterday’s snowfall totals near Buffalo may challenge the official 24-hour snowfall record for the state of New York. The State Climate Extremes Committee (SCEC) lists the official record 24-hour snowfall for the state of New York as 49.0” on November 14 – 15, 1900. As of 10 pm EST Tuesday, at least five suburbs of Buffalo on its south and east sides had beaten this mark, recording 51 – 60″ of snow in 24 hours. The champions were was Lancaster and Gardenville, with 60″ of snow in 24 hours. It is yet not clear if any of these reports will be worthy of official status, recognized by the SCEC. Mr. Burt notes, though, that the SCEC is rife with errors and probably should not be taken too seriously. Much greater 24-hour totals have been reported from various observers/sources over the years at multiple locations in New York. The greatest unofficial 24-hour total he is aware of is 68” at Adams, NY on Jan. 9, 1976. Also, 77” fell in Montague Township in 24 hours on Jan. 11 – 12, 1997. This value was discounted by the SCEC as a result of a small technicality due to one too many snow board measurements being taken (7 instead of 6). However, the figure itself was accepted as accurate, but not official since the observer made a small error in the timing of his snow accumulation measurements. Note that all of these record 24-hour snowfalls came in Lake Ontario’s lake effect snow band, where higher terrain helps lift the air streaming off the lake to extract more snow. In Mr. Burt’s words, “So far as Lake Erie events, I think this week’s event one will go down as the most extreme on record.


Figure 3. MODIS satellite image of the lake effect snowstorm over Lake Erie on Tuesday afternoon, November 18, 2014. Strong updrafts due to relatively warm lake waters of 47°F created a towering line of clouds that cast a shadow to their north. Image credit: NASA.

Buffalo’s worst snowstorm: January 1977
This week’s storm did not significantly affect the mid through northern portions of metro Buffalo, including downtown, which is typical for a Lake Erie lake effect snowstorm–the heaviest snow falls south of the city. However, back in January 1977, a 5-day blizzard hit all of Western New York, including Buffalo. The combination of blowing snow, wind and Arctic temperatures resulted in hundreds of people being stranded in their cars. Because of constant whiteout conditions and life threatening wind chills, as well as the fact that nobody had cell phones back then to communicate in an emergency, 29 people lost their lives. Many were asphyxiated in their cars or froze to death from exposure.

Mr. Burt documents the history of lake effect snowstorms in his 2013 post, Lake Effect Snow Totals and Historical Perspective.

Is the jet stream getting weird?
This week’s intense cold blast is being triggered by an unusually extreme jet stream pattern, featuring a sharp ridge of high pressure along the U.S. West Coast and a deep trough of low pressure diving to the south over the Central United States. This configuration allows cold air to spill out of the Arctic behind the trough into the Central U.S., and be replaced by anomalously warm air flowing northwards along the West Coast of the U.S. deep into the Arctic. This extreme jet stream pattern is due, in part, to the influence of Super Typhoon Nuri, which caused a ripple effect on the jet stream after the typhoon became one of the most powerful extratropical storms ever recorded in the waters to the west of Alaska eleven days ago. However, we’ve seen an unusual number of extreme jet stream patterns like this in the past fifteen years, which happens to coincide with the period of time we’ve been observing record loss of summertime Arctic sea ice and record retreat of springtime snow cover in the Arctic. Could it be that these changes in the Arctic are causing the wacky jet stream behavior of recent years? That’s the theory being advanced by a number of prominent climate scientists. I’ve written extensively about the topic, and my most recent post on the subject was in April, California Drought/Polar Vortex Jet Stream Pattern Linked to Global Warming. A updated story that I wrote for the just-published December issue of Scientific American discusses the theory and its detractors, and you can read it on-line for $6 (or buy a copy at the news stand.) My conclusion in the article: If Arctic changes are truly to blame for wacky jet stream behavior, losing the remaining 50 percent of the Arctic sea-ice coverage between now and 2030 will bring even greater antics. If the Arctic is not involved, that is worrisome as well—because that means jet stream changes are due to an unknown mechanism, leaving us with no idea how the jet stream will respond as climate change progresses. Thus, my forecast for the next 15 years: expect the unprecedented.


Video 1. A time-lapse view of Lake Erie from Buffalo, New York during the lake-effect snow storm of November 18, 2014. Note the rising motion of the clouds, showing the extreme instability of the atmosphere due to relatively warm waters at the surface (47°F at the Environment Canada Port Colborne buoy at the east end of Lake Erie.)

from:    http://www.wunderground.com/blog/JeffMasters/comment.html?entrynum=2863

On Cell Phone Radiation

Tuesday, November 18th, 2014

The Top 5 Phones Secretly Poisoning You With Radiation

Nov 17 • Technology, The Word

Most people are so excited when they first open their new phone that the instruction manual and literature get ignored and thrown out or buried in a miscellaneous drawer. If you took the time to read what it says you likely wouldn’t use your phone the same way. For instance, the safety and regulatory guide that came with my phone states (in fine print):
“To comply with RF exposure requirements [Radiofrequency Radiation], a minimum separation distance of 1.5 cm must be maintained between the user’s body and the the handset, including antenna.”
Epidemiologist Devra Davis of the University of Pittsburgh told the NY Times that she recommends keeping a phone out of close proximity to the head or body, by using wired headsets or the phone’s speaker. Children should text rather than call, she said, and pregnant women should keep phones away from the abdomen.

Watch the video below to learn about the top 5 phones that produce the highest amount of radiation:

from:    http://www.realfarmacy.com/5-phones-secretly-poisoning-radiation/