Time, Tau Neutrinos, & Antarctica



By Joseph P. Farrell

Now before you think I’ve gone running off the end of the twig on this one by  titling a blog “Time Reversals and Parallel Universes…in Antarctica” and filing it under “geoengineering,” bear with me a bit. I’ve not only run off the end of the twig, I’m probably falling like Wile E. Coyote into a very deep canyon, with an Acme steel vault following me. (For those of you who don’t know what I’m talking about, see “Road Runner” on Youtube. Any one will do.) Indeed, I had to blog about this one, not only because of my inherent interest in the high strangeness surrounding our southern most continent, and not only because of my inherent interest in things like time reversals and parallel universes, but also because of the fact that I received versions of this story from no less than E.E., C.M., P.T., B., D.D., K.M., and J.K.:






Let’s take the Daily Mail article as a guide here, since there’s a bit more information contained in its version than in the others. There, we read this:

Researchers working in Antarctica have been trying to understand the behavior of a mysterious new particle.

Some suggest it’s evidence that during the Big Bang a second universe was created that mirrors our own, consisting mainly of antimatter, and in which time flows backward.

But then the researchers, led by University of Hawaii’s Peter Gorham, realized their data showed the exact opposite of what they had been looking for: a stream of high energy particles traveling out of the Earth’s surface and into space.

The particles were believed to be tau neutrinos, a type of slow moving particle that has the capacity to temporarily transform into a high energy particle called a tau lepton before returning to its low energy state.

Soon other researchers began analyzing the ANITA data to grapple with the mystery, including Neil Turok of the Perimeter Institute for Theoretical Physics in Waterloo, Canada.

Turok suggested the right-handed and left-handed neutrinos could be related in the same way that matter and antimatter are related, pointing specifically to a concept that posits matter and antimatter are the same type of particle just moving in opposite directions through time.

According to this theory, the still mysterious ‘right-handed’ neutrinos’ observed in Antarctica weren’t just new particles, but pilgrims from an entirely new universe.

That new universe would have formed during the Big Bang at the same point as our own, but moving in the opposite direction through time, contracting rather instead of expanding, and comprised primarily of antimatter rather than matter .

And there you have it. Assuming all this to be true for the sake of our “off-the-end-of-the-twig-of-high-octane-speculation,” K.M. proposed the idea that it might mean that there is a “conservation of time,” i.e., that if time flows in one direction in one universe, it might flow in the opposite direction in another, with both universes summing to zero and thus “everything is conserved, including time.” It’s a fascinating idea, and dovetails quite well with the idea that there might be another universe composed of anti-matter, where are the particles are the “same,” yet spin in opposite directions and thus having reverse polarities to particles and fields in this one, i.e., what is a “north” or positive pole in this universe, would be a south or negative pole in the other one. Everything would be, so to speak, “upside down.” And the idea of a “parallel-but-opposite” universe formed at the moment of “the big bang” would also solve a perplexing problem, namely, that of the matter/anti-matter anisotropy of our universe, which has such a preponderence of matter and so little anti-matter; the amounts are not equal, and hence our universe is anisotropic (non-equal) with respect to matter and anti-matter. Presumably, such a “parallel-but-opposite” universe would also be anisoptropic, but possessed of a great amount of anti-matter and little matter, so that taken together, the two would “balance the books.” And since everything runs in the opposite direction in an anti-matter universe, time would be conserved.

Well, all that’s a bit of fun speculation, but way beyond the actual implications of the articles, whose implications are big enough: there may be evidence of a parallel universe “touching” our own, via the planetary dynamo of Earth itself, manifesting itself at Antarctica. Or to put it differently, maybe every planet with geomagnetic features similar to the Earth has such a mechanism at its southern/negative pole, and if so, then maybe every planet has a kind of “membrane” or “common entangled surface” with another universe at its southern pole, which possibly may act as a kind of “gate” to that world.

As one might imagine, my high octane speculation of the day has more to do with the possible connection of this revelation to the strange people over the years who’ve been associated with the southern polar continent. It’s a very bizarre list, from former Nazi “Deputy Fuehrer” Rudolf Hess, and Reichsmarschall Herman Goering, to former U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry, U.S. Admiral Richard Byrd, to some British and Spanish royals, and former Apollo 11 astronaut Buzz Aldrin  whose tweets both before, during and after his Antarctic trip were… well…  just strange. That’s a bizarre list of people, and one has to wonder just why they all have either visited the place, or shown such curiosity about it. Might this story have something to do with it?

And while I’m at it, another thought occurs: Might we even have been given a clue that “they” have been experimenting with time for a (pardon the pun) very long time? Might we be watching the result of a gigantic experiment involving the entire planet itself, one perhaps involving massive man-made magnetic fields, the resonance thereof, and … well, I’ll leave it at that, because that idea implies that what the article is talking about is something that arose only recently…

In short, I don’t know about you, but I cannot get rid of the feeling that perhaps, just perhaps, the veil might have been pulled back just a little with respect to the strange goings on in Antarctica.

See you on the flip side…

from:    https://gizadeathstar.com/2020/05/time-reversals-and-parallel-universes-in-antarctica/

Dark Energy as “Repulsive Gravity”

A diagram shows the evolution of the universe.

A time line shows the universe to be ever expanding and accelerating—traits often ascribed to dark energy.

Illustration courtesy WMAP Science Team, NASA

National Geographic News

Published February 15, 2012

A powerful repulsion between normal matter and hidden pockets of antimatter could be an alternate explanation for the mysterious force known as dark energy, according to a controversial new theory.

In 1998 scientists discovered that the universe is not only expanding but that its expansion is accelerating.

This totally unexpected behavior has been called the “most profound problem” in physics, because our current understanding of gravity says that attractions between mass in the universe should be causing the expansion to slow down.

The leading theory to explain the accelerating expansion is the existence of a hypothetical repulsive force called dark energy. (Related: “New Galaxy Maps to Help Find Dark Energy Proof?”)

But in the new study, Massimo Villata, an astrophysicist at the Observatory of Turin in Italy, suggests the effects attributed to dark energy are actually due to a kind of “antigravity” created when normal matter and antimatter repel one another.

“Usually this repulsion is ascribed to a mysterious dark energy that would uniformly permeate the cosmos, but nobody knows what it is nor why it behaves this way,” Villata said in an email.

“We are replacing an unknown force caused by an unknown element with the repulsive gravity of the well-known antimatter.”

Antimatter Hiding in “Holes” in the Universe?

According to Villata, the keys to accelerated expansion lie in large-scale voids that are seen scattered throughout the cosmos.

These holes in our map of the universe—which can each be millions of light-years wide—are inexplicably empty of galaxies and galaxy clusters. The nearest hole to us is called the Local Void, bordering the Virgo supercluster of galaxies.

Villata thinks these voids harbor vast quantities of antimatter, which could even be organized into antimatter galaxies, complete with antimatter stars and planets.

All this antimatter doesn’t emit radiation that can be detected by current sensors, making it effectively invisible, Villata said.

“There can be various reasons why antimatter in voids should be invisible, but we do not know which of them is the right one,” Villata said. “Moreover, antimatter in laboratories could have different behavior, since it is ‘immersed’ in a world of matter.”

While we can’t see antimatter superstructures, we can observe their effects on our visible universe, Villata argues, because antimatter must repel the normal matter in galaxies, pushing them farther from one another.

Villata says his theory, which will appear in an upcoming issue of the journalAstrophysics and Space Science, has the potential to solve other cosmic mysteries, such as the universe’s “missing antimatter” problem.

According to standard physics, matter and antimatter particles should have been created in equal amounts during the big bang. Yet the visible universe appears to be dominated by structures made up of normal matter.

To determine how much antimatter might be contained in the Local Void, Villata calculated how much would be needed to create a repulsive force strong enough to explain the so-called Local Sheet. This collection of normal matter, which includes our Milky Way and other nearby galaxies, is all moving at the same speed.

“If each void contains a mass of antimatter similar to that calculated for our Local Void … then our universe would host an amount of antimatter equivalent to that of matter, and [there] would finally be a matter-antimatter symmetric universe,” Villata said.

But Do Matter and Antimatter Repel?

While Villata’s theory doesn’t require mysterious forces created from nothing, it does rely on the untested assumption that matter and antimatter are mutually repulsive.

There is as yet “no [experimental] evidence that antimatter repels matter,” said physicist Frank Close of the University of Oxford in the U.K., although, he added, plans are underway at the European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN) in Switzerland to test the idea.

In fact, Dragan Hajdukovic, a physicist at CERN, recently proposed a separate antigravity theory that also relies on repulsion between matter and antimatter to explain dark energy and dark matter.

Hajdukovic called Villata’s theory “an interesting idea,” be he added that he disagrees with the hypothesis of a matter-antimatter symmetric universe.

“The major problem is why [such] big quantities of antimatter in the voids are not observed,” Hajdukovic said.

In Hajdukovic’s theory, antimatter particles spontaneously pop in and out of existence in the quantum vacuum, which is the name physicists give to seemingly empty space.

“I use the reality of the quantum vacuum. For a physicist, it is more natural and plausible,” Hajdukovic said.

“In order to explain the invisibility of antimatter, proponents of a matter-antimatter symmetric universe would be forced to invoke an additional hypothesis”—such as the emission by antimatter of so-called advanced photons, which travel backward in time and so wouldn’t be detectable to current instruments.

“It is not a good sign for a theory if one hypothesis immediately demands introduction of other hypotheses.”

But study author Villata argues that the assumptions in his theory—including matter-antimatter repulsion and advanced photons—are predicted by well-established theories in physics.

In that sense, he said, there is “no introduction of other hypotheses.”

Antimatter Surprise

Is the New Physics Here? Atom Smashers Get an Antimatter Surprise

by Clara Moskowitz, LiveScience Senior Writer
Date: 17 November 2011 Time: 06:05 PM ET
The LHCb team stands in front of their experiment, the LHCb detecor, at the Large Hadron Collider in Geneva.
The LHCb team stands in front of their experiment, the LHCb detecor, at the Large Hadron Collider in Geneva.
CREDIT: CERN/Maximilien Brice, Rachel Barbier

The world’s largest atom smasher, designed as a portal to a new view of physics, has produced its first peek at the unexpected: bits of matter that don’t mirror the behavior of their antimatter counterparts.

The discovery, if confirmed, could rewrite the known laws of particle physics and help explain why our universe is made mostly of matter and not antimatter.

Scientists at the Large Hadron Collider, the 17-mile (27 km) circular particle accelerator underground near Geneva, Switzerland, have been colliding protons at high speeds to create explosions of energy. From this energy many subatomic particles are produced.

Now researchers at the accelerator’s LHCb experiment are reporting that some matter particles produced inside the machine appear to be behaving differently from their antimatter counterparts, which might provide a partial explanation to the mystery of antimatter.

Missing antimatter

Scientists think the universe started off with roughly equal amounts of matter and antimatter. (Particles of antimatter have the same mass of their twins but an opposite charge.) Somehow over the ensuing 14 billion years, most of the antimatter was destroyed, leaving a leftover universe of mainly matter.

One potential explanation for this outcome is called “charge-parity violation.”  CP violation means that particles of opposite charge behave differently from one another.

The LHCb researchers found preliminary evidence that this is happening when particles called D-mesons, which contain “charmed quarks,” decay into other particles. The whimsically named charmed quarks, like many exotic particles, are so unstable, they last only a fraction of a second. They quickly decay into other particles, and it is these products that the experiment detects. (“LHCb” is short for LHC-beauty, another flavor of quark.)

From the experiment, the researchers found a 0.8 percent difference in the probabilities that the matter and antimatter versions of these particles would decay into a particular end state.

Ruling out a fluke

When it comes to particle physics, it’s all about the quality of statistics. Measuring something once is meaningless because of the high degree of uncertainty involved in such exotic, small systems. Scientists rely on taking measurements over and over again — enough times to dismiss the chance of a fluke.

The new finding ranks as a “3.5 sigma” result, meaning the statistics are solid enough that there is only a 0.05 percent likelihood that the pattern they see isn’t really there. For something to count as a true discovery in particle physics, it must reach a 5 sigma level of confidence.

“It’s certainly exciting, and certainly worth pursuing,” LHCb researcher Matthew Charles of England’s Oxford University told LiveScience. “At this point it’s a tantalizing hint. It’s evidence of something interesting going on, but we’re keeping the champagne on ice, let’s say.”

By the end of 2012, Charles said, the Large Hadron Collider should have collected enoughdata to either confirm or reject the result.

LHC’s birthright

If the finding is borne out, it would be a big deal, because it would mean the reigning theory of particle physics, called the Standard Model, is incomplete. Currently the Standard Model does allow for some minor CP violation, but not at the level of 0.8 percent. To explain these results, scientists would have to alter their theory or add some new physics to the existing picture.

In either case, the LHC would have begun to claim its birthright.

“The whole driving purpose of the LHC is to discover and understand new physics beyond the Standard Model,” Charles said. “This sort of analysis is exactly why I joined LHCb.”

One possible example of the kind of new physics that might explain such CP violation is called supersymmetry. This theory suggests that in addition to all the known particles, there are supersymmetric partner particles that differ by half a unit of spin. Spin is one of the fundamental characteristics of elementary particles.

So far, no one has found direct evidence of supersymmetry. But if supersymmetric particles exist, they might be created instantaneously and disappear again during the particle-decay process. That way they could interfere with the decay process, potentially explaining why matter and antimatter decay differently.

New Spin on Antimatter

New Spin Revealed on Mysterious Antimatter

by Clara Moskowitz, LiveScience Senior Writer
Date: 14 July 2011 Time: 08:42 PM ET
Warped space-time around galaxy
The spinning of a massive body like a galaxy bends and warps space-time according to the rules of general relativity.
CREDIT: University of Warwick

The puzzling prevalence of matter over antimatter in the universe might be related to the bizarre space-time stretching caused by our galaxy’s spin, a new study suggests.

Antimatter is a strange cousin to the stuff that makes up galaxies, stars and us. For every matter particle there is thought to exist an antimatter partner with the same mass but opposite charge. When matter and antimatter meet, they annihilate, converting their mass into energy in a powerful explosion.

Though the universe today is almost completely made of matter, scientists don’t understand why. The Big Bang that created the cosmos 13.7 billion years ago should have produced equal parts matter and antimatter, which would have annihilated, leaving the universe barren of either. Luckily, it didn’t (hence the Earth and the life it supports are here).

to read more, go to:    http://www.livescience.com/15063-antimatter-asymmetry-galaxy-spinning.html